The Baluchari Saree originated in West Bengal, and is mainly worn by the women of India and Bangladesh. It is a hand woven saree using richly dyed silk, with intricate motifs depicting Indian mythology woven onto its large ‘pallu’. Baluchari takes a week to be woven, and the craftsmen are largely centered in Murshidabad.
Sarees usually carry the name of the place of their origin, and the places where silk sarees are woven are indeed a great many in India! At other times the sarees are given names usually descriptive of their weave or appearance. Each state has its own time-tested traditions of sarees, carrying names in the vernacular, sometimes varying from village to village. This glossary is limited to a mere introduction to the more popular handwoven silk sarees.