Muga Silk

A wild silk found in the northeast of India. The Antherea assama wild silk moth is proudly Indian and found only in the Brahmaputra Valley. It is semi-domesticated in the sense that as the silkworms climb down from the trees when leaves are scarce, they are collected and attached to another tree. They feed on som (Machillus bombicina) and soalu (Litsea polyantha) leaves. When they are ready to spin at the end of the larva period, they are collected and allowed to develop in the rearers’ homes. The silk produced is of a golden yellow colour (the word Muga is Assamese for ‘amber’) and the Muga saree is the pride of Assamese women.