The first automated loom was developed by the Frenchman Joseph- Marie Jacquard in the early 1800s and formed the basis for modern automatic looms. The weave designs are punched into metal or heavy cards that are laced together and fed into the loom to control the weave pattern automatically. Jacquard looms allow for large, intricate designs like elaborate floral or complex geometric patterns. The word is also used to refer to a fabric produced through the use of Jacquard cards on a Jacquard loom.