Term applied to the resist-dye process in which designs are reserved in warp or weft yarns by tying off sections of the yarn with thick threads, palm-leaf strips, rubber bands, cords or similar material to prevent penetration of dye. From the Indonesian mengikat, ‘to tie’ or ‘to bind’. Ikat silks are mainly woven in Gujarat in Patan (as Patola), in Orissa (as bandha) and Andhra Pradesh (as chilka, or loosely called Potchampally, after one of the villages where it is woven). The term ‘Double Ikat’ refers to ikats where both warp and weft yarns are tie-dyed prior to weaving, so the work has to have a computer-like precision for the designs to form when woven. The Patolas of Gujarat are famed for Double Ikat. ‘Single Ikat’ is where either warp (warp ikat) or weft (weft ikat) yarns are tie-dyed, producing more feathery, slightly diffused designs. See A Glossary of Handwoven Silk Sarees.