A Jacquard-like device used in Kanchipuram.

Adai (Tamil)

The system whereby a design is ‘tied’ into a series of knots on cords which, when mounted on to the loom, creates the pattern by raising and lowering particular yarns of the warp for the shuttle to pass through. In Banaras these are called naqshas, a system used widely before the advent of the Jacquard card.